15 Women Influencers Before the Internet
Por: Dr. Roch, El 14 abril, 2023
Women have always been figures of power, but before the influencer phenomenon, women were transparent in a society built by and for men. However, I am going to list all the women who have made a difference in different periods of society that should not be overlooked.
1. Cleopatra | VII – 69 B.C. – August 12, 30 B.C.
Her full name was Cleopatra Philopator Nea Thea, and she was the last queen of ancient Egypt and the Ptolemaic dynasty. She marked the end of the Hellenistic period in Egypt. Testimonies of the time show that her attractiveness did not lie in her beauty, but in a captivating and fascinating personality.
2. Hypatia of Alexandria | 355 – March 8, 415 AD.
Hypatia of Alexandria was the first woman known to have cultivated science and philosophy. She excelled in the fields of mathematics, astronomy and philosophy and led the Neoplatonic School of Alexandria in the early 5th century. Hypatia paved the way for a long list of women scientists who have contributed to the world with their intellect.
3. Eleanor of Aquitaine | 1120 – 1204
Eleanor was born Duchess of Aquitaine and Guiana, but her marriages soon made her Queen Consort of France and later of England. Her marriages complicated her life and kept her involved in government affairs until the end of her life. She participated with the king in the Second Crusade, which encouraged many more women to accompany their husbands during the war.
4. Joan of Arc | 1412 – May 30, 1431
She was a French heroine and military woman who was later canonized. Thanks to her courage and bravery, King Charles VII of France was determined to drive the English out of his country. In return, the king gave her the authority of his army during the decisive battles of the Hundred Years’ War.
5. Catherine the Great | May 2, 1729 – November 17, 1796
Catherine II of Russia was Empress of Russia for 34 years. Some of the improvements associated with her reign were the importation of legal and political philosophy from Europe. She promoted the arts, medicine, culture and education. She wrote her own memoirs, a document that provides most of the information known about her life and legacy.
6. Ada Lovelace | December 10, 1815 – November 27, 1852
Augusta Ada King, Countess of Lovelace, is considered the first computer programmer, thanks to her creation of a machine-readable algorithm. She was a mathematician and writer who worked primarily with the Analytical Engine, a tool that functioned like a mechanical calculator.
7. Coco Chanel | August 19, 1883 – January 10, 1971
The designer is on Time magazine’s list of the 100 most influential people of the 20th century. Coco Chanel created French haute couture fashion of the highest international relevance. She is remembered for breaking with the corseted fashion of the Belle Époque years and for the simple, elegant style that characterized her designs and made them a hallmark of identity.
8. Amelia Earhart | July 14, 1897 – ?
She was an aviator of American origin. She achieved fame for her excellent flying records, as well as for being the first to attempt a round-the-world flight across the equator. She was also the first woman in history to fly across the Atlantic Ocean. The tragic end of Amelia, who disappeared on her last flight, with neither her plane nor her body ever found, has been the subject of debate for many years.
9. Florence Nightingale | May 12, 1820 – August 13, 1910
Florence, of British descent, was a nurse, stateswoman, and writer. She is considered the mother of modern nursing. Her work during the Crimean War earned her membership in the Royal Statistical Society, among other honors. Her legacy is such that her birthday is International Nurses’ Day and all nurses must take the Nightingale Oath before graduating.
10. Marie Curie | November 7, 1867 – July 4, 1934
Marie Curie was an outstanding scientist of Polish origin who was naturalized in France. Among her many merits is the fact that she was awarded two Nobel Prizes in two different fields. Science owes her the development of the theory of radioactivity. She was the first to propose the use of radiation as a cure during the First World War.
11. Eleanor Roosevelt | October 11, 1884 – November 7, 1962
Anna Eleanor Roosevelt was married to U.S. President Franklin Delano Roosevelt. She was a human rights activist and diplomat, considered one of the most influential leaders of the twentieth century. Among her social work was her active participation in the formulation of the United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
12. Indira Gandhi | January 19, 1966 – March 24, 1977
Indira Gandhi was an Indian stateswoman who held power for fifteen years as President of the Congress Party and Prime Minister of India. She was a politician of great ability and a free thinker who championed the role of independent women in achieving her achievements in an extremely patriarchal society.
13. Simone de Beauvoir | January 9, 1908 – April 14, 1986
She was a great philosopher, teacher, and existentialist writer. Some of her works are a standard of feminist thought. Her writings dealt with social, political and philosophical issues. Beauvoir married the philosopher Jean Paul Sartre, although she never gave up her independence. She was an independent woman who fought for the role of women in a male society.
14. Margaret Thatcher | October 13, 1925 – April 8, 2013
Thatcher was the first woman to serve as Prime Minister of England. Her steely politics and the firmness with which she made decisions and enforced them earned her the nickname the Iron Lady. After her election, the United Kingdom underwent a series of major social, political and economic changes. Her way of doing politics was called Thatcherism.
15. Rigoberta Menchú | January 9, 1959 –
Rigoberta is a Guatemalan indigenous leader, current UNESCO Goodwill Ambassador, and outspoken advocate for human rights. She has been awarded the Nobel Peace Prize and the Prince of Asturias Prize for International Cooperation for her civil and social work. During her childhood, Rigoberta experienced social inequalities firsthand and decided to work to change them.